Introduction to MongoDB
MongoDB is an open source NoSQL database. MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure. Because MongoDB uses dynamic schemas, users can create records without defining the data structure first.
MongoDB stores related information together, which enables queries to process more quickly. To retrieve information, users leverage the MongoDB query language.
For an introduction to NoSQL databases, see the following articles:
Terminology and concepts
Many concepts in MongoDB have close analogs to concepts in relational databases such as Oracle Database. The following table compares the basic concepts in these systems:
|Embedded documents and linking||Joins|
The following table compares the features of MongoDB with the features of Oracle Database:
|Rich data model||Yes||No|
|Easy for programmers||Yes||No|
Are MongoDB and Oracle Database used together?
Yes. There are many examples of hybrid deployments of MongoDB and Oracle Database, particularly among ecommerce applications. The flexible data model that MongoDB uses is a good fit for product catalogs because catalogs typically include multiple products with different attributes. However, Oracle Database is generally used for checkout systems because these systems require complex transactions.
Oracle Database is better suited to handle such transactions because it uses ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, Durability) as its integrity model. This model gives Oracle Database integrity features that MongoDB doesn’t offer, such as isolation, referential integrity, and revision control.
In other cases, new business requirements push organizations to adopt MongoDB so that they can incorporate next-generation components into their applications. For example, both MongoDB and Oracle Database use conditional entry updates, composite keys, Unicode characters, and full-text search. However, MongoDB also has a built-in map-reduce function for aggregating large amounts of data.
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