About Cloud Server images
Creating an image enables you to have saved images for later use as a template or master image. You can then use the saved images to easily restore a server to a known configuration or rapidly deploy additional servers with an identical configuration. Using the Cloud Control Panel, you can create images on-demand.
Note: Because images are not automatically verified they should not be used as a back-up solution.
Considerations for all server types
Please take note of the following limitations when creating server images:
Cloud Server images are good for storing configuration and static data but are not a reliable way to back up a dynamic database.
Standard backup tools such as
mysqldumpor the SQL Server Management Studio are more suitable for backing up databases. Be sure to always back up your database before you create an image of your Cloud Server.
Cloud Server images can be shared between accounts, but not between regions. You can share images between accounts in the same region. This allows you to build a server from the shared image, and then create a copy of the newly created server. To move images between regions, see Transfer images between regions of the Rackspace open cloud.
Image creation can take several hours if the disk is extremely large, so be sure to allot an appropriate amount of time to create an image of your server.
Image creation can have a delayed start if there are a large number of image requests at one time for a group of servers. The number of concurrent images are limited in order to keep the disk activity of multiple images from affecting performance on a host. If the image takes longer than 24 hours to complete, contact Rackspace Support.
When an image creation is initiated, the system runs a process that attempts to reclaim space that has been freed by deleting files and images. That process continues even if the image creation process is aborted because of disk limits at the time the process begins. That means that in some cases, trying to create an image again after it fails could result in a successful image process thanks to that cleanup operation.
If you are using a boot from volume server, you cannot create an image of it. You can, however, create snapshots and clones of a boot from volume server.
Considerations for Virtual Appliances
Turnkey virtual appliances typically do not support decloning. Thus, while an image will technically preserve the exact state of the appliance, any servers built from the image will not be able to set the following:
- IP configuration
- Admin password
- License key
Instead of using Cloud Server Images, consult your appliance’s vendor documentation for the recommended backup and restore procedures.
Considerations for Windows servers
- If you take a snapshot of a Windows Cloud Server that is configured to be a Domain Controller (DC), you will be unable to restore from that image. Our build system relies on the local administrator account to perform configuration tasks, and that account becomes disabled once a server is promoted to be a DC. If you wish to create a image of a server that is also a DC, you must first demote it from being a DC before performing the image creation process.
ISOs cannot be uploaded to Cloud Files and used to build a new Cloud Server.
To be successful, images imported to Rackspace must conform to the general requirements described in Preparing an image for import into the Rackspace OpenCloud.
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